Green Deal
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The Green Deal: Ambitious goals for a climate-neutral Europe

The Paris Climate Agreement of 2015 is the climate policy basis for the Green Deal that the EU adopted under Commission President Ursula von der Leyen in September 2019.

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Heating and energy industry in the heating sector - Green Deal ready!?

The Green Deal aims to make the EU economy more sustainable, resource-friendly and efficient. The ambitious goal of making Europe the first continent to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 is of paramount importance for the European and German heating industries. According to the decision of the European Council of 11 December 2020, the CO2 emissions are to be reduced by at least 55 % by 2030 compared to the emission levels from 1990.

These ambitious goals can only be achieved if the heating market is taken into account. After all, roughly a third of European and German final energy consumption is accounted for by heat generation in buildings. If industrial process heat is also taken into account, the heating sector accounts for over 50 % of Germany's final energy consumption.

Germany's final energy consumption by sector / Resource: Working Group on Energy Balances (AGEB)
Germany's final energy consumption by sector / Resource: Working Group on Energy Balances (AGEB)

In order to achieve this 2030 goal extensive measures in the building sector are required:

1.    Modernisation of the old installation stock: There are around 12 million outdated heating systems in German boiler rooms. These must be modernised at an accelerated pace and replaced with modern heating systems. The maximum potential can be realised if, in addition to heat generation, heat distribution, heat transfer and storage are also modernised. In order to achieve the 2030 goals, the current replacement rate must be doubled from about 3 % today to 6 %.

2.    Changing the energy mix in the heating market: Changing the energy mix in the heating market: The Acceleration of the expansion of low-carbon and/or carbon-free energy sources. These include:

3.    Reduction of the heat demand: Measures for the building envelope, including in particular insulation and windows, also contribute to CO2 reduction.

Graph Green Deal CO2
Explanation of the graph: The BDH assumes that, due to the decision in the context of the Green Deal, a tightening will also be made for the building sector. We assume a reduction target for the buildings sector of 60 million tonnes by 2030 instead of the previous 70 million tonnes.

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